Below are course descriptions and reading lists for the honors writing courses I have designed and taught at the University of Southern California. These classes are primarily multimedia and literature-based courses that address a specific cultural theme. The two most recent courses are accompanied by links to Twitter threads that document class discussion over the course of the semester.
“What is the sense of giving a boundary to all that, of giving it a name and ceasing to love where the name ceases to apply? What is love of one’s country; is it hate of one’s uncountry?” – Ursula Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness
“Borders are set up to define the places that are safe and unsafe, to distinguish us from them. A border is a dividing line, a narrow strip along a steep edge. A borderland is a vague and undetermined place created by the emotional residue of an unnatural boundary” – Gloria Anzaldúa, Borderlands/La Frontera
Toward the beginning of the 2018 film Black Panther, T’Challa, heir to his father’s throne, re-enters his homeland of Wakanda by crashing his spacecraft through the canopy of a forest that serves as the invisible border between Wakanda and the outside world. This invisible border protects the people and resources of Wakanda, and, much like the real borders that define our global and national geographies, the existence of this border spurs bloodshed and war. Some borders, like Wakanda’s, are invisible, while others are marked by concrete and metal, but one thing all borders have in common is their ability to delineate between us and them, to grant us a sense of place and belonging, to include some and exclude others. But who gets to decide where the line gets drawn? And what happens when land is ruptured by a human imposition?
In this course, we will take an expansive view of borders that spans more than a century, and moves from the national to the international to the intergalactic. We will start by considering one of the first major borders in the U.S.: the Mason-Dixon line that separated the North from the South and dictated the legal boundaries of slavery. We will read about the life of Harriet Tubman alongside Colson Whitehead’s novel The Underground Railroad to explore how slaves traversed the boundary between Northern and Southern states. Afterward, we will move to the contemporary U.S./Mexico border, which has been the focus of immigration disputes for decades. In Luis Alberto Urrea’s The Devil’s Highway, we will enter the most dangerous territory in all of North America as we read his nonfictional recounting of a group of men who, in 2001, made the journey into the U.S. Then we will move to Karen Tei Yamashita’s magical realist novel Tropic of Orange in which an orange makes its way north across the U.S./Mexico border, bringing with it an entire culture. Eventually we will move to a more global understanding of borders through Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West, which tells the tale of two refugees crossing many international borders to end up on the shore of Northern California. And finally, Ursula Le Guin’s novel The Left Hand of Darkness and the 2018 film Black Panther will move us into conversations about imagined borders in fictional locations both on and off planet earth.
The readings in our class will be accompanied by poems, multimedia projects, and scholarship about borders and borderlands, and we will ask, who gets to draw and maintain borders? What kinds of spaces exist between and around borders? Our texts will take us from the past into the future, from national U.S. borders to fictional intergalactic borders, and we will discover what is at stake in defining a sense of place through the creation of geographical boundaries.
- Sarah Bradford. Harriet Tubman: The Moses of Her People. 1886. (ISBN: 9780486438580)
- Colson Whitehead. The Underground Railroad. 2016. (ISBN: 9780345804327)
- Luis Alberto Urrea. The Devil’s Highway. 2004. (ISBN: 9780316746717)
- Karen Tei Yamashita. Tropic of Orange. 1997. (ISBN: 9781566890649)
- Mohsin Hamid. Exit West. 2017. (ISBN: 9780525535065)
- Ursula Le Guin. The Left Hand of Darkness. 1969. (ISBN: 9780441007318)
- Additional readings will include poems from Fatimah Asghar’s If They Come For Us, excerpts from Gloria Anzaldúa’s Borderlands/La Frontera, and Achille Mbembe’s essay “The Idea of a Borderless World”
- Dir. Ryan Coogler. Black Panther (film)
- Micha Cárdenas. “Redshift and Portalmetal” (digital literature)
- Laura Herrero Garvín. “Without Walls” (short film)
- 84 Lumber Super Bowl Commercial. “The Entire Journey” (commercial)
“ask not what your country can do for you
ask if your country is your country” —
Danez Smith, “principles”
In the music video for Jay-Z’s 2017 song “Moonlight,” director Alan Yang parodies the hit television series Friends by replacing the previously all-white cast with black actors. As viewers, we are intentionally confronted alongside the actors with questions about what it means to be truly culturally subversive. What does it mean to re-write stories, to replace overly represented voices with those who have been historically under-represented? Winston Churchill famously proclaimed, “history is written by the victors,” and more recently, Lin-Manuel Miranda penned lyrics for the musical Hamilton that ask, “who lives? who dies? who tells your story?”
This course will explore a variety of stories—personal, local, national, and cultural—that have been in some way re-written. Over the course of the semester, we will explore novels, poems, photographs, films, and multimedia artworks that re-write history and cultural artifacts. We will begin the semester by examining the explicit re-writings of popular cultural material via Jay-Z’s “Moonlight” video and with J.M. Coetzee’s novel Foe, which re-writes the famous 18th century novel Robinson Crusoe. We will then dive into Salvador Plascencia’s The People of Paper, a novel of personal heartbreak that allows the author-turned-narrator to re-write his own story. Octavia Butler’s novel Kindred and Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved will help us explore the various narratives surrounding the foundational histories of the United States, and while reading these novels, we will take a trip to The Broad to view Kara Walker’s African’t silhouettes that reveal the multiple layers of our history. Along the way, we will consider Layli Long Soldier’s poems about indigenous reclamation, Shawn Theodore’s photo series Future Antebellum, and the recent film Hidden Figures, based on the true story of three black women who worked at NASA during the space race. These texts will aid us in questioning how re-writing stories allows for the crafting of alternative and equitable futures for those voices that have been historically silenced.
Our texts and class discussions will ask, what happens to the voices that didn’t get to write their own stories? Do they disappear, forever lost to a past that made no space for their future, or do they find other ways to speak? How is history written to serve those in power or re-written to liberate those who history has written out? We will be guided by excerpts of scholarly work that speak to themes of re-writing, and we will discover just what is at stake in re-writing the past, present, and future.
- Octavia Butler, Kindred: 978-0807083697
- J.M. Coetzee, Foe: 978-8420424965
- Toni Morrison, Beloved: 978-1400033416
- Salvador Plascencia, The People of Paper: 978-0156032117
- Layli Long Soldier, Whereas: 978-1555977672
- Additional readings will include erasure poems by Isobel O’Hare, Niina Pollari, and Jayy Dodd, poems by Eve Ewing, and excerpts of criticism by Toni Morrison, André Bleikasten, and Ashley N. Woodson
- Dir. Zach & Adam Khalil. INAATE/SE/ (film)
- Dir. Theodore Melfi. Hidden Figures (film)
- Dir. Alan Yang. “Moonlight” (music video)
- Shawn Theodore. “Future Antebellum” (photographs)
- Kara Walker. African’t (cut paper on wall)
“The city burning is Los Angeles’s deepest image of itself.” — Joan Didion, Slouching Towards Bethlehem
“Every American city boasts an official insignia and slogan. Some have municipal mascots, colors, songs, birds, trees, even rocks. But Los Angeles alone has adopted an official nightmare…” — Mike Davis, Ecology of Fear
An apocalypse signifies the complete, final destruction of the world. But how and why does an apocalypse happen? The Book of Revelations identifies the four horsemen—Pestilence, War, Famine, and Death—as the signs of apocalypse, but there are more subtle warning signs that precede the end of the world as we know it. Literature, film, and television have often used Los Angeles as a site for exploring those more nuanced signs, causes, and effects of the apocalypse. In this course, we will explore warning signs as they appear in a variety of texts that revolve around some kind of apocalypse, whether it be global or local, societal or personal.
Apocalyptic Los Angeles is at once familiar and strange. LA’s downfall in novels, films, and television shows is often the result of natural disaster, riots, ever-escalating class conflict, or any combination of the three. This course will follow the arc of any good disaster film. We will begin by establishing normalcy so that we can understand Los Angeles pre-apocalypse. First, Paul Beatty’s The White Boy Shuffle will introduce us to neighborhood tensions and racism in LA that escalates to the point of an identity crisis, setting the stage for impending chaos. After we get the lay of the land, we’ll move on to the more surreal texts like The Tropic of Orange and The People of Paper, whose many protagonists tell a communal story of Los Angeles as it begins to fall to pieces. Finally, we’ll close with Octavia Butler’s Parable of the Sower, a dystopian future vision of LA as it exists after the apocalypse. Our novel reading will be punctuated by the films Blade Runner and Elysium, both of which present life in post-apocalyptic Los Angeles, as well as selected episodes of Fear The Walking Dead, the brand new AMC show set in LA.
Just as important as exploring how a world arrives at the apocalypse is considering how the world survives the apocalypse. If we make it out alive, do we rebuild? What does a post-apocalyptic city look like? How are people affected by the ultimate destruction? Our texts will give us a few clues and along the way, we’ll read criticism by Mike Davis and others who write about the bristling cityscape that we call home.
- Beatty, Paul. The White Boy Shuffle. New York: Picador, 1996. 978-0312280192
- Plascencia, Salvador. The People of Paper. Orlando: Harcourt, 2005. 978-0156032117
- Yamashita, Karen Tai. Tropic of Orange. Minneapolis: Coffee House Press, 1997. 978-1566890649
- Butler, Octavia. Parable of the Sower. New York: Warner Books Edition, 1993. 978-0446675505
- Additional readings will include poems by Wanda Coleman and Garrett Hongo and excerpts of criticism by Mike Davis, Kristin Miller, Dayna Tortorici.
- Dir. Ridley Scott. Blade Runner (film)
- Dir. Neill Blomkamp. Elysium (film)
- Robert Kirkman & David Erickson. Fear The Walking Dead (television)
Violence in the Deserts of the American West
“The life, too, on the desert is particularly savage. It is a show of teeth in bush and beast and reptile… Everything is at war with its neighbor, and the conflict is unceasing.” — John C. Van Dyke, The Desert
The desert—vast and seemingly infertile—has been constructed in film and literature as a place that notorious houses outlaws, “criminals,” and those who can’t find lives within the communities offered by more densely populated areas of the country. What is it that inspires writers and filmmakers to create characters who commit acts of unspeakable violence in the desert? Are the inhabitants of the desert in American literature, film, and television simply blood thirsty, or is there something more to their characters and to cultural constructions of the desert that might offer us insight into these portrayals?
This course begins with Cormac McCarthy’s Blood Meridian, in which a band of vicious men set out to annihilate all other human beings in sight, leaving behind a trail of blood that spans hundreds of miles and multiple centuries. Among the sand and scrub of Nevada, the characters in Claire Vaye Watkins’ collection of short stories, Battleborn, face domestic violence, assault, and suicide as part of their daily lives. We’ll also read Michael Ondaatje’s The Collected Works of Billy the Kid, which recalls the mythology behind the real life outlaw who was at once a killer and a lovesick child. The semester will end with Rachel Kushner’s novel The Flamethrowers, following the main character Reno as she races her motorcycle through the desert and tries to escape the weight of her own existence.
We will explore these themes of desert violence and the rhetoric that constructs the desert as void, barren, and empty through the lens of a variety of fictional and non-fictional texts, episodes of Breaking Bad, a film about the disastrous Salton Sea in the heart of the Imperial Valley, and excerpts from cultural and literary critic John Beck’s work Dirty Wars.
- McCarthy, Cormac. Blood Meridian. NY: Vintage, 1992. Print. 978-0-679-72875-7
- Watkins, Claire Vaye. Battleborn. NY: Penguin, 2012. Print. 978-1-59463-145-0
- Ondaatje, Michael. The Collected Works of Billy the Kid. NY: Vintage, 1996. Print. 0-679-76786-X
- Didion, Joan. Slouching Towards Bethlehem. NY: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2008. Print. 978-0-374-53138-6
- Kushner, Rachel. The Flamethrowers. NY: Scribner, 2013. Print. 978-1-4391-4201-1
- Additional readings will include TBD poems and excerpts of criticism by John Beck.
- Dir. Alma Har’el. Bombay Beach (film)
- Dir. P.T. Anderson. There Will Be Blood (film)
- Vince Gilligan. Breaking Bad (television)